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Sedation anesthesia side effects

Most side effects of general anesthesia occur immediately after your operation and don't last long. Once surgery is done and anesthesia medications are stopped, you'll slowly wake up in the.. Most patients wake up quickly once the procedure is over and the medications are stopped. Possible side effects include headache, nausea and drowsiness, but you will likely experience fewer effects than you would from general anesthesia — and you'll probably recover faster and go home sooner

Sedation effects differ from person to person. The most common feelings are drowsiness and relaxation. Once the sedative takes effect, negative emotions, stress, or anxiety may also gradually.. Depression of the respiratory function is a potential side effect of the sedatives drugs used in IV sedation dentistry. The risk is much higher in case of over-sedation, if the patient falls into deep sedation Nausea and Vomiting The most common complication after general anesthesia is nausea and vomiting. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are easier to prevent than treat. Medications can be used for prevention as well as for treatment

Drowsiness is the most common side effect. It's also the most obvious, since the purpose of anesthesia is to relax the body. It sometimes takes 24-48 hours for the medications to fully exit your system, so we strongly recommended that you get plenty of rest after a sedation surgery. This will ensure the quickest recovery possible Most side effects of anesthesia are mild. Local anesthesia, conscious sedation, and epidural anesthesia can cause side effects, but they're more likely with general anesthesia. Mild side effects of.. You may also experience other side effects after you awaken from anesthesia, such as pain. Your anesthesia care team will ask you about your pain and other side effects. Side effects depend on your individual condition and the type of surgery. Your doctor may give you medications after your procedure to reduce pain and nausea Here are two anesthesia-related surgery risks that are more common in older people: Postoperative delirium - This is a temporary condition that causes the patient to be confused, disoriented and unaware of surroundings, and have problems with memory and paying attention

Side effects are uncommon, but fatigue, nausea, vomiting, or headaches may be expected. Oral-conscious sedation: involves taking an oral medication before and after arriving at our office. Temporary effects include dizziness, nausea, and vomiting, which can be reduced if you have a light snack about an hour before your procedure Side effects include: General anesthesia or MAC sedation: Bradycardia, arrhythmia, tachycardia, hypotension, hypertension, movement, burning/stinging, pain at. Side effects of dental anesthesia depend on the type of anesthetic used. General anesthesia has more risks involved with its use than local anesthesia or sedation. Reactions also vary based on.

Side Effects of General Anesthesia: Short-Term and Long

  1. General anesthesia is characterized by: Drug-induced loss of consciousness, and patient is unable to be aroused, even by painful stimulation Breathing is impaired and patients require assistance to maintain open airways, and positive pressure ventilation may be required Cardiovascular function may be impaire
  2. Your anaesthetist will tell you about any side effects you may experience after having a specific type of anaesthetic and measures that will be taken to reduce these. Some common side effects that can occur after a general anaesthetic or some regional anaesthetics include: feeling or being sick dizziness and feeling fain
  3. Bradycardia, or slow heart rate, can be caused by the effects of anesthesia on the autonomic nervous system. The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is responsible for body functions such as the heart rate, and bradycardia can be potentially dangerous to some patients with weaker hearts

Other forms of sedation involve administering oral medications or IV solutions, before or during the procedure. Common side effects of 'laughing gas' include, blurred vision, dizziness and that your dentist's once seemingly lame jokes, suddenly sound hilarious! There are two types of anesthesia, local and general What are the side effects of too much anesthesia? When you receive too much, however, sometimes the signs are after you are awake and the surgery is over. Signs that you may have had a bad reaction to the anesthesia, include: Confusion. Aspiration/pneumonia.Know the common vs. uncommon side effects. Nausea and/or vomiting. Sleepiness. Itchiness Anesthesia is a medical treatment used to block a patient's awareness of pain during a surgical procedure. What are the side effects of anesthesia? Side effects of anesthesia can occur during and after the procedure. Most are minor, temporary, and result from general anesthesia. These can include: Nausea and vomiting Sore throat Postoperative delirium (confusion

IV Sedation: Definition & Effects - Made for This Momen

  1. Propofol Injectable Emulsion 1%, 10 mg/mL is an I.V. sedative-hypnotic agent indicated for initiation and maintenance of Monitored Anesthesia Care sedation, combined sedation and regional anesthesia, induction and/or maintenance of general anesthesia, and Intensive Care Unit sedation of intubated, mechanically ventilated patients
  2. imal medical problems
  3. COMMON side effects If experienced, these tend to have a Severe expression i . low blood pressure ; apnea, a breathing interruption ; If experienced, these tend to have a Less Severe expression i.
  4. The effects of sedation subside after a few hours. However, when your child regains consciousness after the dental procedure, they might experience slight nausea and dizziness. If these side effects persist, the parent should immediately contact the doctor
  5. MAC anesthesia — also called monitored anesthesia care or MAC, is a type of anesthesia service during which a patient is typically still aware, but very relaxed. The amount of sedation provided.
  6. As with any medical procedure, there are risks involved with twilight anesthesia. Some side effects that might be experienced after twilight sedation include dizziness, low blood pressure, nausea and blurred vision. Drug allergies or interactions also might cause an unfavorable result

Common anesthesia side effects Some of the most common anesthesia side effects in cats include allergic reactions, which can be localized or system-wide. These reactions can result in swelling in your cat's body which could affect his ability to breathe. As cats wake up from anesthesia, it's common for them to vomit Worries about the long-term effect of anesthesia -- and the demands for additional studies -- began to emerge recently when two research groups published papers linking deep sedation and an. A: In young children, the safest way to perform most surgeries is under general anesthesia. The medications used for sedation have the same side effects as general anesthetics and vary depending on a child's age, weight, developmental level, health history, physical exam, and the type of test being performed. For example, light sedation is not. Side Effect #3: Confusion. When coming out of anesthesia in the recovery, most people experience a profound sense of confusion and disorientation. It takes a while for the brain to actually wake up, even after you are conscious. Most people don't remember much after the pre-op sedative has been given Consequently, they have a large range of side-effects, including postural hypotension, cardiac dysrhythmias, urinary retention, dry mouth, blurred vision and sedation.[1,7,9] Given chronically, these drugs decrease stores of noradrenergic catecholamines

Conscious Sedation: Definition, Procedures, Side Effects

  1. ANESTHESIA S/I-40S Side Effects by Likelihood and Severity . COMMON side effects If experienced, RARE side effects If experienced, these tend to have a Severe expression i
  2. Effects of Anesthesia on Young Children As the parent of a young child who needs surgery, you may be concerned about the effects of anesthesia on your child. Until recently, the common side effects of anesthesia in children (sleepiness, grouchiness) were believed to be mild and short-term, typically lasting only an hour or two
  3. ister it, you may experience: Back pain or muscle pain. Chills caused by low body temperature (hypothermia). Difficulty urinating
  4. There are less dog anesthesia side effects to these agents, but they aren't the same thing as putting a dog under general anesthesia to undergo surgery. Dog Anesthetic Side Effects and Risks. Any time medications are used, including anesthetic drugs, there is the risk of unpleasant reactions
  5. IV sedation. Potential side effects of sedation include drowsiness, headache, nausea and dry mouth. These side effects usually go away within a day. Because levels of sedation vary, it's important to be monitored during surgery to make sure you don't experience complications

IV Sedation Side Effects Risk

  1. The most common example is an epidural, which blocks pain around the uterus during childbirth. 2. Anesthesia is very safe. This is true nowadays, but wasn't always the case, Dr. Troianos says.
  2. d isn't, says Dr. Buckspan
  3. Reverse sedation is the reversal of the effects of anesthetic drugs after completion of the procedure. Reversal of sedation may also be required if a patient has adverse reactions to the sedative agent or if the level of anesthesia gets deeper than intended due to some reason

General Anesthesia Side Effects and Complication

What can I expect after IV sedation

  1. Side Effects of General Anesthesia. General anesthesia -- a combination of medications that decrease brain activity and pain receptor response -- creates a lack of consciousness, immobility and loss of feeling. Even though newer medications used in general anesthesia disappear from the bloodstream much faster than older medications, some people.
  2. Nitrous oxide sedation is widely used in dentistry more than any other sedation method because of its convenience in use and the very limited side effects. In fact, nitrous oxide side effects related to dental sedation occur rarely and usually involve cases where the N 2 O concentration is too high, used for too long, or the sedated patient belongs in one of the few patient groups who are not.
  3. Side Effects of Anesthesia. Side effects of local anesthesia may include: Pain around the injection site; Prolonged numbness that takes a few hours to wear off; Dribbling or difficulty speaking if anesthesia was in the mouth. Side effects of general anesthesia include: Bruising or soreness from the IV drip; Dizziness; Feeling cold, shivering.
  4. Regional anesthesia used in conjunction with a sedative can be a safe and effective alternative to general anesthesia for many surgeries. Recovery time, pain, side effects and costs are often reduced with regional types of anesthesia, such as epidurals, nerve blocks and spinal anesthesia

Video: Anesthesia Allergy: Symptoms, Allergies vs

General anesthesia - Mayo Clini

Midazolam has a long duration of action and slow recovery from anesthesia (6, 7). In addition to the injection site pain, propofol also has strong respiratory and circulatory inhibitory effects, thus increasing the incidence of accidental risks such as hypoxemia, hypotension, and cardiac arrest (8, 9) Spinal Anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia has been used since the late-19 th century to numb the lower half of the body for surgery. Cocaine was the first local anesthetic used in spinal anesthesia, but cocaine toxicity caused a lot of unwanted side effects and complications

The Efficacy, Side Effects, and Recovery Characteristics of Dexmedetomidine Versus Propofol When Used for Intraoperative Sedation. Arain, Shahbaz R. MD; Ebert, Thomas J. MD, PhD. Author Information. Department of Anesthesiology, Medical College of Wisconsin and VA Medical Center, Milwaukee, Wisconsin Anesthetic technics and agents included enflurane, halothane, N2O-narcotic-relaxant, and spinal anesthesia. There were only three episodes of hypotension, all of which responded to a decreased depth of general anesthesia, IV fluid administration, and, in one patient, a small dose of a vasopressor Some of the most common anesthesia side effects in cats include allergic reactions, which can be localized or system-wide. These reactions can result in swelling in your cat's body which could affect his ability to breathe. Advertisement. As cats wake up from anesthesia, it's common for them to vomit Side effects due to anesthesia in cats depend on the kind of sedation used for that specific surgery. The veterinarian will conduct urine and blood tests before the surgery. An X-ray may also be undertaken to make sure the cat has no underlying condition which will bar a specific anesthetic Dental anesthesia and side effects. The arrangement for and organization of dental office-based sedation and anesthesia requires contemplations and arrangements that are remarkable to dentistry and in contrast to that of some other office-based and nonoperating room methodology

Side effects not requiring immediate medical attention. Some side effects of midazolam may occur that usually do not need medical attention. These side effects may go away during treatment as your body adjusts to the medicine. Also, your health care professional may be able to tell you about ways to prevent or reduce some of these side effects Out of 34,000 people, only about 6% had minor side-effects that are commonly associated with anesthesia such as nausea. There were no deaths or long-term adverse effects during this study. Anesthesia can be administered via mask or IV and may be administered by the a dentist, oral and maxillofacial surgery specialist (OMFS), or an anesthesiologist Conscious sedation side effects. After intravenous or oral sedation, it's normal to feel drowsy, possibly for the rest of the day. You should take the precautions described above to stay safe during this time. You may also experience some bruising in your arm or hand from the injection, but this should disappear within a few days It is essential that you tell your anesthesia professional and your surgeon about all the herbal products and other supplements you may be taking. Before Having an Anesthetic Stop taking the herbal product at least 1-2 weeks prior to the scheduled procedure/surgery to prevent side effects

Seniors: Surgery Risks & Anesthesia Complications - Made

Sedation in Radiology: What Should I Know Before My

Are There Any Side Effects of Dental Sedation

Anesthesia works by blocking nerve impulses, which helps to temporarily sustain pain 4 5. There are four types of anesthesia: regional, general, local or intravenous sedation 2 3 4. Anesthesia has its own side effects that typically disappear after surgery 2 4 5 In analgesic doses (0.3 mg/kg) with other sedatives ketamine does not produce any rise of IOP. The following is an extract from Miller's Anesthesia 7th edition on ketamine effects -. Ketamine effects on the Central Nervous System. Ketamine produces dose-related unconsciousness and analgesia

Anthem On Cataract Surgery: Anesthesiologists Not Needed

Propofol Side Effects: Common, Severe, Long Term - Drugs

Distention: Abdominal pain, overall discomfort, abdominal distention and nausea are the most common side effects of suprep. Send thanks to the doctor. 90,000 U.S. doctors in 147 specialties are here to answer your questions or offer you advice, prescriptions, and more. Get help now: Ask doctors free. Personalized answers. Free. Talk to a doctor Indeed general anesthesia does have its downsides, such as the need for breathing assistance (ventilation), nausea-related side effects, and increased costs. There is an alternative to general anesthesia called twilight anesthesia Regional anesthesia (also known as nerve blocks or peripheral nerve block) is used to block the sensation in a specific part of your body during and after surgery. It offers numerous advantages over conventional general anesthesia, including faster recovery time, fewer side effects, no need for an airway device during surgery, and a dramatic. Anesthesia medicine may affect brain development in a child under 3, or an unborn baby whose mother receives this medicine during late pregnancy. These effects may be more likely when the anesthesia is used for 3 hours or longer, or used for repeated procedures. Effects on brain development could cause learning or behavior problems later in life Common Side Effects of Anesthesia Nausea. Many patients who undergo anesthesia report feeling nauseated or vomiting. This most often happens within the first couple of hours or days after surgery. The medications used during anesthesia can cause this sensation, which may be worsened by the type of procedure, such as abdominal surgery

Colonoscopy Anesthesia: Types, Levels, and Possible SideLocal Anesthesia | Anesthesiology | JAMA | JAMA Network

Being older can increase your risk for some side effects from monitored sedation or general anesthesia. One concern is that the aging brain is more easily affected by medications. Two anesthesia-related side effects more common in older people are: Postoperative delirium — After surgery, you may becom Side effects and adverse and allergic reactions. Serious side effects and allergic reactions resulting from anesthesia are rare. After sedation or general anesthesia, some patients may have nausea, vomiting, dizziness, headache, sore throat, blood pressure changes and pain. These side effects are usually mild, brief and treatable Depends: Under local only, many people have one side worked on at a time to preserve an unaffected side of their mouth for chewing. Others only want to go through the experience one time and opt to get it all done at once. The latter strategy makes more sense if IV sedation or general anesthesia is used but it is really up to you unless your particular medical or surgical considerations. Anesthesia is safe for most patients, but it can cause dangerous after effects in some individuals. It also often causes minor after effects that irritating or uncomfortable. The most common after effects of anesthesia include fatigue, muscle aches, sore throat, nausea, and cognitive problems Other side effects of opiates include respiratory depression, decreases in blood pressure (well tolerated in supine patients [Drug Safety 7: 200, 1992], more of an issue in hypovolemic or heart failure patients or when used with benzodiazepines [Tomicheck RC et al. Anesth Analg 62: 881, 1983]) Opiates cause constipation which may be relieved by.

Video: Understanding Dental Anesthesia: Types, Side Effects & Risk

What's the Difference Between Sedation vs

Seconds. As general anesthesia wears off, patients may experience confusion or disorientation. Most general anesthesia side effects wear off within a few hours. Nausea and vomiting are very common side effects of general anesthesia. Weakness is a common side effect of general anesthesia. Lung infections may develop as a result of procedures. Read the full fact sheet. Day surgery is surgery that is completed in one day, and does not require the patient to be hospitalised overnight. The presence of food or drink in the stomach is dangerous, both during and immediately after the anaesthetic. Serious complications from anaesthesia are very rare Side effects of narcotics include itching, nausea & vomiting and sedation. Allergies involve an immune system reaction creating a rash, hives or a severe reaction in which a patient has swelling of the airway resulting in trouble breathing, throat closing and wheezing as well as low blood pressure and potentially shock and death Extrapyramidal side-effects are rare when it is used i.v. for delirium. The dose given should take into account the level of disturbance and the age and physical status of the patient. An initial dose of 0.5-10 mg may be repeated after 20-30 min. Haloperidol can also be given as an infusion

Tung: Propofol is given intravenously to induce anesthesia in surgical patients and to provide sedation for patients in the Intensive Care Unit. It's the most common induction agent of anesthesia in current use. It pretty much has replaced pentothal because it has fewer side effects and it makes people feel better when they wake up Twilight sleep anesthesia. Twilight sleep anesthesia also known as a twilight anesthesia, I.V. sedation, conscious sedation or zombie state, is an anesthetic technique characterized by insensibility to pain without loss of consciousness, induced by an injections of scopolamine-morphine mixture to anesthetize laboring women especially to relieve the pain of childbirth Moderate sedation may use the same types of medication as general anesthesia, and generally leads to a quick recovery from sedation and a minimization of anesthesia side effects. Deep Sedation This level of sedation is a drug-induced depression of consciousness during which a patient cannot be easily aroused but can respond to repeated stimulation After one month, most recovery from the metabolic effects of surgery should have occurred, and any medication for pain or sedation should have long been stopped. After this time period, one should also start thinking about whether the effects of anesthesia plus operation have revealed a person with pre-existing abnormal mental function due to. In her review of the effects of anesthesia on the post-operative mental status of patients, Carina Storrs describes the growing awareness among surgeons that anesthesia may be responsible for post.

Dr. William Jenkins answered. Specializes in Anesthesiology. Yes,: Subutex may block some of the effects of narcotics you may be given under your anesthesia, twilight is not a term used for anesthesia but many patient Read More. 1 doctor agrees. 0. 0 comment. 0 Anesthesia Side Effects. Dental anesthesia is a common and safe treatment. Before administration, the dentist should be aware of your full medical history, alcohol abuse history, and any allergies to ensure complications are avoided. Side effects are rare, and usually only felt with sedation or general anesthesia. These may include: Nausea. The sedative midazolam side effects and fluctuations in vital signs were the most frequent findings following parenteral administration of midazolam injection.. These are affected by the lightening or deepening of anesthesia, instrumentation, intubation and use of concomitant drugs The higher anesthesia dose required for regular marijuana users can lead to an increased risk of complications, such as decreased blood pressure and delayed awakening from anesthesia. Marijuana use before surgery can increase the risk of complications. Other side effects of regular marijuana use can lead to serious complications of anesthesia

Anaesthesia - NH

Conscious dental sedation should be used in preference to general anaesthesia whenever possible. Patients with underlying serious medical conditions are most susceptible to the risks of general anesthesia, while a healthy person will rarely experience any serious side effects or complications. Read more about Sedation, nausea, and pruritus were recorded as side effects. The Ramsey scale was used as a measure of sedation. 13 An incidence of nausea and pruritus was measured in addition to magnitude on a NRS (0 = none, 10 = the worst). Antiemetic medication (IV ondansetron, dolasetron, or metoclopramide) and antipruritic medication (IV diphenhydramine. Negative brain effects from anesthesia have been seen in animal studies. However, studies in human children receiving single short uses of anesthesia have not shown a likely effect on behavior or. Advantages to regional anesthesia may include less blood loss, less nausea, less drowsiness, improved pain control after surgery, and reduced risk of serious medical complications, such as heart attack or stroke that — although rare — may occur with general anesthesia. Side effects from regional anesthesia may include headaches, trouble.

Postoperative hemodynamic measurements, oxygen saturation, sedation, pain scores were obtained. Sedation and pain were evaluated using the Ramsay and visual analog scales, respectively. Analgesics were administered in cases with high scores on the visual analog scale. Postoperative analgesic consumption, side effects, treatments were recorded Young children with dental pain and/or infection require treatment at any age—sometimes that means your child will need to go under general anesthesia or sedation. Of course, there are many reasons for this. Some dental procedures require your child to lie completely still, there may be a lot to fix, or the noise of the drill may be scary. The goal is always to provide the safest, most pain. Risks. Fentanyl, like many opioid medications, can cause respiratory depression. 2  This means the drive to breathe can be seriously diminished. This effect can last longer than the pain-relief effects, making it essential to be aware of any breathing issues prior to taking an additional dose

Propofol - Stepwards

Colonoscopy Anesthesia: Types, Levels, and Possible Side

Side effects of local anesthesia are quite rare unless the patient is allergic to anesthesia. In very rare cases, local anesthetic can get into the bloodstream and affect breathing, blood pressure and heartbeat. Side effects of IV sedation include nausea, headache and sleepiness, which may last for several hours While both the combination midazolam-fentanyl and alcohol had independent effects on the dependent measures in this study, there was no interaction between midazolam-fentanyl and alcohol (no potentiating of effects of alcohol by i.v. sedation). We conclude that the effects of benzodiazepines and opioids that are short-acting and used in. Types of Sedation. Sedation in dentistry is often mild and doesn't put the patient to sleep. If your child is fearful about their next oral procedure, sedation can calm the nerves and make them comfortable. Your dentist can safely administer different types of sedative options at their office. Here are the most common types of sedation dentists.

Propofol is considered safe and effective for most patients, but there are some side effects that need to be considered. The drug may lower blood pressure and cause slower breathing. If you have very low blood pressure or heart and/or breathing problems, your doctor may advise against using propofol for your colonoscopy Compared to traditional anesthesia, the twilight state of moderate sedation offers a quicker recovery time, coupled with the reduced likelihood of side effects or complications occurring. Also, because it requires fewer anesthesia medications and supplies, it's often less expensive than traditional anesthetic techniques Canine Breed-Specific Considerations for Anesthesia Everything you need to know about anesthesia and how it affects the various dog breeds. December 8, 2014 While the patient is given time to allow the sedation to take effect (~30 minutes) the local anesthetic will desensitize the skin over the IV catheter sites, thus eliminating or.

General Anesthesia in Pediatric Patients

Everything You Need to Know About Dental Sedation and

FDA approved for sedation for diagnostic procedures performed under monitored anesthesia care (MAC) and for short term sedation (less than 24 hours) of mechanically ventilated patients. Electroconvulsive Therapy (ECT): Precedex has been shown to effectively lower blood pressure without affecting seizure duration. Contraindication Fentanyl Side Effects. Medically reviewed by Drugs.com. Last updated on Nov 16, 2020. Consumer; Professional; In Summary. Commonly reported side effects of fentanyl include: fever, respiratory depression, nausea, vomiting, and diaphoresis.Other side effects include: hypoventilation. See below for a comprehensive list of adverse effects Unlike general anesthesia, you may be lightly sedated during regional anesthesia and remain breathing on your own. This can help you wake up faster with fewer side effects, such as nausea and vomiting. For some surgical procedures, regional anesthesia is combined with general anesthesia

Took IV propofol for routine colonoscopy. I have had many Colonoscopoies in past with no problems , but don't know what anesthesia was given. This time I had side effects so I inquired and was told propofol . I was fine at first, but when I went to sleep after getting back home (12 hrs. Later). Woke up with room spinning, dry mouth Anesthesia is a deep plane of sedation that causes loss of sensation, says Dr. Gibbons. Or, according the English Oxford Living Dictionaries, anesthesia is, insensitivity to pain. Wisdom tooth extraction is a surgical procedure to remove one or more wisdom teeth — the four permanent adult teeth located at the back corners of your mouth on the top and bottom The anesthesiologist may put a medicine in your IV that helps the stomach empty properly (e.g., metoclopromide or Reglan) during and after anesthesia. This helps with nausea afterwards, too. To increase the pH (make the fluid less acidic), the anesthesiologist may use IV acid-blockers Melatonin and anesthesia: a clinical perspective. The hypnotic, antinociceptive, and anticonvulsant properties of melatonin endow this neurohormone with the profile of a novel hypnotic-anesthetic agent. Sublingually or orally administered melatonin is an effective premedicant in adults and children. Melatonin premedication like midazolam is.

FAQs – Is Conscious Sedation Safe for My Children? (Part 1

How long does anesthesia stay in the system

Dr. Richard Pollard answered. 30 years experience Anesthesiology. No: The post-operative nausea can be explained as a reaction to the anesthesia. However, the diarrhea is not a side effect of the anesthesia. Please call Read More. 1 doctor agrees. 0. 0 comment Versed Oral: Uses, Side Effects, Interactions, Pictures, Warnings & Dosing - WebMD. Warnings: Midazolam has a risk for abuse and addiction, which can lead to overdose and death. Taking this.

Anesthesia: Side Effects and Other Information to Know

Side Effects. Besides the sleepiness, some dogs might feel nauseous during anesthesia recovery. Your dog might throw up, although it's unlikely he has anything in his stomach since food is withheld for several hours prior to surgery. If your dog vomits or attempts to throw up, contact your veterinarian to report it General and Local Anesthetic Require Vitamin B12. General and local anesthetic are essential for many operations and medical interventions. One of the most commonly used drugs used in anesthesia is nitrous oxide (N2O), otherwise known as laughing gas, however this anesthetic unfortunately has the side effect of depleting up to 60 percent of the vitamin B12 stored in the body

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